Moody's Corporation is an American credit rating agency. Moody's is one of the world biggest credit rating agency. Actually, Moody's Corporation is the parent company of Moody's Investors Service, the subsidiary company that provides credit rating. Moody's Investors Service is the most important subsidiary of Moody's Corp.
Credit rating agencies are companies that evaluate the ability of governments and large companies, to pay back it's debt.
Together with Standard & Poor's and Fitch Ratings Scale, Moody's is one of the world biggest credit rating agency.
These sector is very concentrated. Standard & Poors and Moody's have 80% of the market.
The search and acquisition of information is costly. Credit rating agencies solve partially this issue. They sell their information to governments and large companies.
The creditability of credit rating agencies has fallen after the subprime crisis. Agencies gave good scores to mortgage backed investments, whose value fell sharply during the crisis. They gave an “A” (a very good qualification) to Lehman Brothers, that went bankruptcy after the crisis.
Historically, the issuers of instruments have been the clients of the credit rating agencies. This represent an important market failure, because the credit rating agency has incentives to give a good qualification, otherwise the issuer will look for a rating of another agency. It would be better if the clients would be investors and not issuers.
Moody's tracks debt instruments of 135 countries, 11,000 corporate issuers and 21,000 public finance issuers.
Moody's was founded by John Moody in 1909.
Moody has it's headquarters in New York and has presence in 41 countries. It has 11,700 employees.
It has a yearly revenue of US$3.6 billion <!– use api–>
It's a public company, it's stock is MCO and is traded in the NYSE.
Moody's uses letter descriptions to qualify the assets. Moody's assigns bond credit ratings of Aaa, Aa, A, Baa, Ba, B, Caa, Ca, C, with WR and NR as withdrawn and not rated: WR indicates that Moody's has withdrawn their ratings
For example, Aaa means that the issuer has extremely strong capacity to meet it's financial commitments. (Fitch uses AAA instead of Aaa). Some companies that have Aaa rating are Microsoft Corp and Johnson & Johnson. Some countries with Ass rating are Germany, United States, Canada, Australia and Switzerland.
Baa1 to Baa3 means that the issuer has adequate capacity to meet the financial commitments, but adverse circumstances can lead to a weakened capacity to meet the commitments. Fitch equivalents are BBB+ to BBB-. A bond is considered investment grade if it's rating is Baa3 or above.
Caa (1 to 3)means that an issuer is vulnerable and dependent upon favourable conditions to meet its financial commitments. Currently, some countries with Caa rating are Venezuela, Cuba, Greece and Iraq.
C means that an issuer has failed to pay one or more of its financial obligations (rated or unrated) when it became due. Currenty, Puerto Rico has C rating.
Where no rating has been assigned or where a rating has been withdrawn, it may be for reasons unrelated to the creditworthiness of the issue.
Should no rating be assigned, the reason may be one of the following:
1. An application was not received or accepted.
2. The issue or issuer belongs to a group of securities or entities that are not rated as a matter of policy.
3. There is a lack of essential data pertaining to the issue or issuer.
4. The issue was privately placed, in which case the rating is not published in Moody's publications.
Withdrawal may occur if new and material circumstances arise, the effects of which preclude satisfactory analysis; if there is no longer available reasonable up-to-date data to permit a judgment to be formed; if a bond is called for redemption; or for other reasons.